Bandipur National Park
Bandipur National Park is located in Chamarajanagar district of Karnataka state, and is neighboring with the Mudumalai National Park of Tamilnadu, the Wynad Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala, and the Nagarahole National Park to the northwest. Bandipur National Park is about 80 km from Mysore city. The Maharaja of Mysore setup this park in 1931. The park is located at the foot of the Nilgiri Hills.
Bandipur National Park is between 680-1454 meters above sea level and is located south of the Kabini River in the foothills of the Western Ghats.
Bandipur National Park is one of India's most famous sanctuaries, and is an important element of the project Tiger reserve. The Park houses about seventy tigers and over thousands of Asian elephants, as well as leopards, dholes, gaur and sloth bears. Bandipur is also a part of the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve.
Bandipur became one of the first of India's Tiger Reserves in 1931. In 1974, the Bandipur was declared a National Park under the Wildlife Protection Act.
Flora and Fauna in Bandipur National Park
The Bandipur National Park consists of deciduous forests, evergreen forests and scrub, which is provided by the waters of the Moyar River.
The diversity of the ecosystem is manifested in the variety of wildlife such as the Tiger, Leopard, Elephant, Gaur, Sambar, Chital, Sloth bear, Mouse deer, Wild dog, Wild boar, Barking deer, four horned Antelope, Hyena.
The park also has more than 200 species of birds which are Grey Jungle fowl, Pompadour Green Pigeon, Honey Buzzard, Red-headed Vulture, Grey-headed Fish Eagle, Brown Hawk Owl, Bay Owl, Malabar Trogon, Nilgiri Flycatcher, Malabar Pied Hornbill, Little Spider hunter, and Plain Flower pecker.
The Bandipur National park also has reptiles such as King Cobra, Common Cobra, Python, Adder, Viper, Rat Snake, Water Snake, Marsh Crocodile, Lizard, Chameleon, Monitor Lizard, Frog, Tree frog, Toad and Tortoise.
Best time to visit Bandipur National Park is between April and October. During the summer, the backwaters of the Kabini Reservoir offer the best chance for tourists to observe the large mammals, including elephants and gaur.